The trademark owned by Patchogue Plymouth Division of Amoco Fabrics
Company for a leno weave of slit film and spun polypropylene yarns that form a
stretchable, all-synthetic secondary backing fabric.
A test used to determine the alkalinity (ph) of a concrete substrate before deciding on the
feasibility of gluing a floor covering material directly to it.
The ability of a fabric to retain
its original aesthetics, color, and construction integrity. Many carpet
appearance retention problems are mistakenly referred to as wear.
A floor tile manufactured with a
mixture of synthetic fibers, lime rock, mineral fibers, and coloring. Asphalt
is used to bind these materials together.
Fabric (normally jute or
polypropylene) that is laminated to the back of carpet to reinforce the
A vessel for dyeing fabric in a rope form, consisting primarily of a tank and a
reel to advance the fabric. Beck dyeing is most commonly applied to cut pile
A loop style carpet is often referred to as a Berber and can be either produced
in a level loop or multi-level loop construction. Often times loop carpets are
accented with color flecks to provide a contrast from the primary carpet color.
Also called Bulk Continuous Filament, it is a yarn that has very long unbroken strands.
Name for the end of stair rail
where the banisters are curved in a spiral to form a newel post.
The tendency of cut pile yarns to
untwist and flare out at the tips of tufts.
Generally comes in two different
forms: 1) Attached cushion materials prepared in sheets prior to being adhered
or laminated to a carpet's back (cushion backed carpet) 2) Rebond is cushion
manufactured from waste urethane trim from various industries that is shredded
and rebonded to form a sheet of urethane foam material. Its quality is
generally determined by its density and thickness.
Curved lines which are visible in
the width or length of a patterned or plain goods carpet.
When a carpet does not lay flat on
the floor and has ridges or ripples.
Carved definition with cut and loop pile. Accent colors add to a floor's appearance and multi-color effects hide soil and stains. Looks great between
vacuuming. Available in softer tones to bolder color palettes.
Determined by the actual amount of fiber per square yard, and is
measured in ounces.
A cut pile carpet that has a high twist level, each strand of yarn
is twisted so tightly they actually curl over at the end. This creates a
textured surface with a casual appearance. Generally this style has a high
durability and very good wear-ability.
Distance in inches between
Carpet yarn that is constructed into small and or bigger loops. In general,
loop piles stand up to heavy traffic better than cut piles.
Matting & Crushing
The application of weight (as in a high traffic area) on an
installed carpet produces the visual effect of carpet "laying down".
Recycled Polyester Fiber
A cut pile carpet made with heat set plied yarns that is relatively
dense. Saxony carpet has a smooth, soft, velvet plush look with a uniform twist and
A carpet pattern formed from high
and low carpet pile areas. Can be either a high-low loop or cut and loop combination.
An area where two pieces of carpet
are joined together.
Material that is laminated to the
back of a tufted carpet with a latex adhesive that enhances the dimensional
stability, strength, and stretch resistance.
An apparent color difference in areas of the same carpet affecting
the appearance that is generally caused by normal wear and tuft distortion..
Shading is not an actual change in color, but is a difference in the way the
light source reflects off the face of the carpet.
A deep texture pile with long cut
surface yarns. Generally with a height of more than ¾ inch with a density less
Carpet manufacturing process of removing loose ends, fuzz and projecting fibers
that may have been created during the tufting process. The final result is the
yarn's tip definition on the finished carpet.
Shedding is a natural characteristic of new carpeting. Shedding generally consists of
loose carpet fibers and after a period of time, will dissipate with regular vacuuming.
A condition resulting from
distortion forming one or more arcs across the width of the carpet.
Carpet made with DuPont Sorona™ polymer represents a breakthrough in carpet fiber technology and is available
exclusively from Mohawk Carpet. It is a superior type of carpet fiber that combines
exceptional durability with permanent, engineered stain protection that will not wash or wear off.
Generally a chemical finish
applied to the carpets surface which inhibits the attachment of soil to the
Technological process used to
increase the fade resistance of a carpet. The color is added during production
of carpet, rather than being dyed at a later stage.
Yarn dyed with two or more colors
that alternate along the length.
Small tufts or loops of carpet that are visible after the
installation. Can be removed by trimming with a pair of scissors.
A fiber of regular or irregular
staple length that is bound together by twist.
Made from 6 – 7 inch cut lengths of fiber spun together to form one continuous
filament. Several of these are twisted together to form strand of yarn which
gives tremendous flexibility in styling as well as the good hand.
The measure of how close the yarns are together. Stitch rate is
measured in penetrations, or tufts, in a given length of carpet, usually an
inch. The stitch rate is controlled by how fast the carpet is moved through the
Tip sheared carpet is created by cutting the tips of some higher level loops on a carpet that has multiple height loops. After shearing, only the higher loop tufts are cut and appear darker than the lower level loops. This creates pattern and adds dimension.
Generally, where two different types of material or flooring meet.
A step in manufacturing that weaves the synthetic or staple fiber and penetrates the primary backing.
Carpet yarns are twisted around each other to produce both textural and
performance characteristics. As a rule,the higher the twist the better the
performance. Twist is usually described as the number of turns per inch.